Compound Interest problems
Posted by
Ravi Kumar at Monday, November 24, 2008
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Compound Interest problems
Compound Interest problems
Simple Problems:
1.Find CI on Rs.6250 at 16% per annum for 2yrs ,compounded
annually.
Sol: Rate R=16,n=2,Principle=Rs.6250
Method1:
Amount=P[1+(R/100)]n
=6250[1+(16/100)]2
=Rs.8410
C.I=AmountP
=84106250
=Rs.2160
Method2:
Iyear6250+1000
\\Interest for 1st yr on 6250
II yr6250+1000+160
\\Interest for I1yr on 1000
C.I.=1000+1000+160
=Rs.2160
2.Find C.I on Rs.16000 at 20% per annum for 9 months
compounded quaterly
Sol:
MethodI:
R=20%
12months20%
=> 3 months5%
For 9 months,there are '3' 3months
16000+800
16000+800+40
16000+800+40+10+2
=>Rs.2522
MethodII: Amount=P[1+(R/100)]n
=16000[1+(5/100)]3
=Rs.18522
C.I=1852216000
=Rs.2522
Complex Problems
1.The difference between C.I and S.I. on a certain sum
at 10% per annum for 2 yrs is Rs.631.find the sum
Sol:
MethodI:
NOTE:
a) For 2 yrs >sum=(1002D/R2)
b) For 3 yrs >sum=(1003D/R2(300+R))
Sum=1002*631/102
=Rs.63100
MethodII:
Let the sum be Rs.X,Then
C.I.=X[1+(10/100)]2X
S.I=(X*10*2)/100
=X/5
C.IS.I.=21X/100X/5
=X/100
X/100=631
X=Rs.63100
2.If C.I on a certain sum for 2 yrs at 12% per annum is
Rs.1590. What would be S.I?
sol:
C.I.=AmountPrinciple
Let P be X
C.I=X[1+(12/100)]2X
=>784X/625X=1590
=>X=Rs.6250
S.I=(6250*12*2)/100=Rs.1500
3.A sum of money amounts to Rs.6690 after 3 yrs and to
Rs.10035b after 6 yrs on C.I .find the sum
sol:
For 3 yrs,
Amount=P[1+(R/100)]3=6690(1)
For 6 yrs,
Amount=P[1+(R/100)]6=10035(2)
(1)/(2)[1+(R/100)]3=10035/6690
=3/2
[1+(R/100)]3=3/2(3)
substitue (3) in (1)
p*(3/2)=6690
=>p=Rs.4460
sum=Rs.4460
4.A sum of money doubles itself at C.I in 15yrs.In how many
yrs will it become 8 times?
sol: Compound Interest for 15yrs p[1+(R/100)]15
p[1+(R/100)]15=2P
=>p[1+(R/100)]n=8P
=>[1+(R/100)]n=8
=>[1+(R/100)]n=23
=>[1+(R/100)]n=[1+(R/100)]15*3
since [1+(R/100)] =2
n=45yrs
5.The amount of Rs.7500 at C.I at 4% per annum for 2yrs is
sol:
Iyear7500+300(300Interest on 7500)
IIyear 7500+300+12(124% interest
on 300)
Amount=7500+300+300+12
=Rs.8112
6.The difference between C.I and S.I on a sum of money for
2 yrs at 121/2% per annum is Rs.150.the sum is
sol:
Sum=1002D/R2=( 1002*150) /(25/2)2=Rs.9600
7.If the S.I on sum of money at 15% per annum for 3yrs is Rs.1200,
the C.I on the same sum for the same period at same rate is
sol:
S.I=1200
P*T*R/100=1200
P*3*5/100=1200
=>P=Rs.8000
C.I for Rs.8000 at 5% for 3 yrs is8000+400
8000+400+20
8000+400+20+20+1
C.I =400+400+20+400+20+20+1
=Rs.1261